Published_DIGITAL_Eco_Obs_MONITOR

Improving conditions for gig workers splits MEPs

Submitted by pmassetti on Mon, 02/06/2023 - 15:49

euobserver.com (19.01.2023) Self-employed or employed? This question is at the heart of the negotiations of the proposal for an EU directive on improving the conditions of platform workers.

Home-delivery riders, or Uber-style app drivers are some of those who compose a sector estimated by the EU Commission to employ more than 28 million people. The number has been growing for years, and is expected to keep rising, reaching 43 million workers in the next two years.

Regions / Country
european union
Digital Economy Topical Cluster
Digital Platforms
Digital Economy Observatory : Only Tags
Document Type

EU Parliament adopts position on platform workers directive

Submitted by pmassetti on Mon, 02/06/2023 - 15:45

EURACTIV.com (02.02.2023) After months of arduous negotiations, the much-debated and politically sensitive platform workers’ file was finally approved in plenary on Thursday (2 February), with 376 in favour and 212 against. The text enshrines a legal presumption of employment for self-employed platform workers and reinforces workers’ rights and protection in the face of algorithmic management.

Regions / Country
european union
Global challenges
Digital Economy Topical Cluster
Digital Platforms
Document Type

Next Generation government-to-person (G2P) Payments : Building Blocks of a Modern G2P Architecture

Submitted by pmassetti on Mon, 12/19/2022 - 16:20

worldbank.org (2022) As we move into an increasingly digital world, governments across the globe are leveraging new technologies to deliver services better, faster, and more transparently. Globally, over a quarter of adults are receiving payments from the government whether through public sector wages, pensions, sectoral subsidies, or social protection programs, an increase of 400 million from just four years earlier.

Global challenges
Topics
E-services

Tags

Digital Economy Topical Cluster
Service delivery
Document Type

India: From digitisation to platformisation — how social protection schemes can be made more accessible

Submitted by pmassetti on Mon, 11/14/2022 - 16:11

theprint.in (31.11.2022) Social Protection Open Digital Ecosystems (SP-ODEs) can provide beneficiaries, government and service providers a unified, digital platform to better access welfare schemes.

Regions / Country
india
Global challenges
Topics
Information and communication technology
Digital Economy Topical Cluster
Business processes
Document Type

Digitizing cash transfers to remote rural populations: challenges and solutions from the experience of Zambia

Submitted by pmassetti on Tue, 11/08/2022 - 16:49

.worldbank.org (30.09.2022) There is currently a major focus on digitization within African countries, with the interest of, on the one hand, increasing efficiency and lowering the cost-of-service delivery, and on the other hand, increasing financial inclusion for excluded parts of the population. Zambia provides an important case study of digitization of social protection transfers.

Regions / Country
zambia
Global challenges
Topics
Information and communication technology
Cash transfers
Digital Economy Topical Cluster
Service delivery
Document Type

US: Using artificial intelligence to identify administrative errors in unemployment insurance

Submitted by pmassetti on Tue, 11/01/2022 - 17:28

Government Information Quarterly  (October 2022) Administrative errors in unemployment insurance (UI) decisions give rise to a public values conflict between efficiency and efficacy. We analyze whether artificial intelligence (AI) – in particular, methods in machine learning (ML) – can be used to detect administrative errors in UI claims decisions, both in terms of accuracy and normative tradeoffs. We use 16 years of US Department of Labor audit and policy data on UI claims to analyze the accuracy of 7 different random forest and deep learning models.

Regions / Country
United States
Global challenges
Digital Economy Topical Cluster
Big Data

The Role of Digital in the COVID-19 Social Assistance Response

Submitted by pmassetti on Tue, 10/18/2022 - 16:51

worldbank.org (2022) The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in vast numbers of people in need of social assistance, many of whom were not previously covered by social safety nets. To meet this unprecedented level of need, governments quickly scaled social assistance reaching over 1.7 billion people in low- and middle income countries.

Global challenges
Topics
Information and communication technology

Tags

Digital Economy Topical Cluster
Service delivery
Document Type

The COVID-19 crisis showed the future of G2P payments should be digital. Here's why

Submitted by pmassetti on Mon, 10/17/2022 - 16:11

worldbank.org (03.10.2022) The COVID-19 crisis highlighted how digital public infrastructure (DPI) can play a critical role for governments to deliver social assistance quickly and safely.  DPI not only allowed governments to reach an unprecedented number of new beneficiaries, it also allowed them to make payments to them remotely. This brought millions of people into the social protection and financial system for the first time.

Global challenges
Digital Economy Topical Cluster
Societal Impact
Document Type

Access to Welfare in the Digital Economy in BRICS Countries

Submitted by pmassetti on Mon, 10/10/2022 - 15:04

vidhilegalpolicy.in (22.09.2022) Many governments now use digital technology for means testing. For instance, the US uses an Income Eligibility Verification System that links several databases to verify beneficiary income. It also uses a Prisoner Verification System linked to prisoners’ databases to exclude prisoners from benefits.

Regions / Country
china
india
brazil
Russian Federation
Digital Economy Topical Cluster
Societal Impact
Document Type

German Financial State Aid during COVID-19 Pandemic: Higher Impact among Digitalized Self-Employed

Submitted by pmassetti on Fri, 10/07/2022 - 16:01

IZA (Oct 2022) In response to strong revenue and income losses that a large share of the self-employed faced during the COVID-19 pandemic, the German federal government introduced a €50bn emergency aid program. Based on real-time online-survey data comprising more than 20,000 observations, we analyze the impact of this program on the subjective survival probability. In particular, we investigate how the digitalization level of the self-employed influences the program’s effectiveness.

Regions / Country
germany
Document Type