report

Social Protection in a Pandemic – Trends, Challenges, and Technology

Submitted by pmassetti on Mon, 06/27/2022 - 16:18

Asian Development Bank (June 2022) The report, part of a GIZ-ADB collaboration, reviews trends in social protection and recent pandemic responses. It discusses how artificial intelligence (AI) tools can fit into the social protection delivery chain. It reviews the functioning of the delivery chain during the pandemic to identify gaps in social protection systems along with emerging solutions that draw on digital technology. The report includes four case studies and suggests steps policymakers could take to foster an enabling environment for the use of AI in social protection.

Topics
ICT

Tags

Digital Economy Topical Cluster
Service delivery
Document Type

The impact of social assistance programmes in a pandemic: evidence from Kenya

Submitted by pmassetti on Tue, 06/07/2022 - 16:15

ZEF Discussion Paper (2022) This paper examines whether social protection – in the form of existing social assistance programmes – affects measures of household well-being such as poverty, food security and costly risk-coping behaviour during the COVID-19 pandemic. Using primary data from nationally representative, in-person surveys in Kenya allows the exploration of the impacts of major social assistance programmes. Our analysis employs the doubly robust difference-in-differences approach to estimate the impacts of social assistance programmes on common measures of household welfare.

Regions / Country
kenya
Topics
Social assistance

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Document Type

Social protection response to COVID-19 in rural LAC: The potential of digitalization to build back better

Submitted by pmassetti on Tue, 05/31/2022 - 16:35

International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth (IPC-IG) (April 2022) This Policy Research Brief analyses how digitalisation can facilitate rural populations’ access to effective and adequate social protection and economic inclusion in Latin America and the Caribbean. It investigates the region’s social protection response to COVID-19 and highlights three good practices in providing digitalised social protection to vulnerable rural populations during the crisis.

Regions / Country
latin america
Global challenges
Topics
ICT
E-services

Tags

Digital Economy Topical Cluster
Service delivery
Document Type

The Road to Better Long-Term Care in Asia and the Pacific: Building Systems of Care and Support for Older Persons

Submitted by pmassetti on Thu, 05/26/2022 - 16:28

Asian Development Bank (May 2022) This report shares insights on capacity building for long-term care in six countries at different stages of population aging: Indonesia, Mongolia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Tonga, and Viet Nam. It explores these countries’ long-term care systems and their particular circumstances and challenges. It also examines what they have in common and highlights good practices that may be helpful to other countries facing similar issues.

Regions / Country
Asia
Global challenges
Topics
Old age Pensions
Document Type

The Impact of COVID-19 on Middle Eastern and North African Labor Markets: Employment Recovering, but Income Losses Persisting

Submitted by pmassetti on Mon, 05/16/2022 - 11:24

Economic Research Forum (ERF) (February 2022) This policy brief assesses the impact of COVID-19 on Middle East and North Africa (MENA) labor markets through June 2021. We use data from the four waves of the ERF COVID-19 MENA monitor household surveys, spanning November 2020, February 2021, April 2021, and June 2021. We focus on Egypt, Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia and developments between February 2021 and June 2021.

Regions / Country
Africa
Topics
Employment

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Document Type

Investments in social protection and their impacts on economic growth: tax financing options

Submitted by pmassetti on Tue, 05/10/2022 - 16:58

developmentpathways.co.uk (2022)  The report builds on our previous research with ITUC, showing the economic benefits of social protection by examining the different financing options that states have at their disposal in order to strengthen and extend their social protection systems. The study simulates the effects of different tax financing scenarios for social protection on household income, employment and overall GDP. We carried out computable general equilibrium analysis for Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Georgia, Ghana, India, Rwanda and Serbia.

Topics
Financing
Document Type

US: Lessons learned from expanded unemployment insurance during COVID-19

Submitted by pmassetti on Fri, 05/06/2022 - 14:54

brookings.edu (27.05.2022) The COVID-19 recession was born out of a public health threat. Thus, unemployment insurance (UI) was meant to insure people against income losses associated not just with involuntary job loss, as in a usual recession, but also with the choice not to work due to the public health risk.

Regions / Country
United States
Topics
Unemployment

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Document Type

Riding the waves: Adjusting job retention schemes through the COVID-19 crisis

Submitted by pmassetti on Tue, 05/03/2022 - 15:58

oecd.org (March 2022) This document provides an update on the use of job retention (JR) schemes during the COVID-19 crisis until the end of 2021 and takes stock of the different strategies employed by OECD governments to adjust them as the crisis evolved. It provides three key insights. First, since reaching a peak of 20% of employment in April/May 2020 on average across OECD countries, the use of JR support has declined to 1.3% in November/December 2021.

Global challenges
Topics
Unemployment

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Document Type

Taxation and Social Protection

Submitted by pmassetti on Thu, 04/28/2022 - 16:57

Asian Development Bank (April 2022) The brief discusses how an array of tax reforms over time, both in policy and administration, could allow more progressive structures and improved revenue performance. It notes that tax structures could be improved through broader tax bases, especially better inclusion of capital and self-employment income in personal income taxes, allowing more progressive personal income taxation. It also discusses stronger corporate taxation, increased use of property and wealth taxes, and better-designed value-added tax and excises.

Regions / Country
Asia
Topics
Financing
Document Type

The COVID-19 Pandemic in the Arab Region: An Opportunity to Reform Social Protection Systems

Submitted by pmassetti on Tue, 04/26/2022 - 15:31

ESCWA (April 2022)  Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, social protection systems in the Arab region were weak, fragmented, not inclusive, and non-transparent. They were also costly and unsustainable. Underinvestment in these systems and exclusion of vulnerable populations were key challenges. The COVID-19 crisis spotlighted the problems and presented a historic opportunity to address some of the challenges facing social protection systems. Lessons learned in various countries were identified as useful examples for change, in addition to certain innovations.

Regions / Country
arabic countries
Global challenges

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Document Type