Taiwan Today (18.05.2020) The Public Health Specialists Act, which provides for a national certification for public health professionals, passed the Legislature May 15 in Taipei City. This is the first time such a law has been enacted in Asia. According to the act, if a person who is a citizen of the Republic of China (Taiwan) passes the examination, he or she will be granted a certificate of "public health specialist". A "public health specialists" may work in a healthcare-related institution, a health care facility, a nursing home, a public health practitioner's office, or any other institution licensed by the competent authorities in his or her capacity.
Given the country’s economic and social development, the legislation will greatly enhance the ability of Taiwan’s public health system to manage challenges such as the COVID-19 pandemic, the Ministry of Health and Welfare said.
The "Public Health Specialists Act" takes effect on the date of promulgation.
The Public Health Specialists Act, which provides for a national certification for public health professionals, passed the Legislature May 15 in Taipei City. This is the first time such a law has been enacted in Asia.
(Google translate) The "Public Hygienist Law," which stipulates the national qualification "Public Hygienist" who is a public health expert, was passed and passed at the Legislative Assembly (= Diet session) on the 15th. This is the first time in Asia to enact such a law.
The “Public Hygienist Law” is for the qualification of “Public Hygienist” to take public health class for graduates who majored in public health at a university or graduate school as well as graduates of other medical and public health related faculties and departments. It is stipulated that you can take the exam if you have taken more than the credits. In addition, in the event of a sudden emergency or a serious public health incident, the government can appoint a “public hygienist” to take action.
The legislative members of the ruling and opposition parties (= parliamentarians) who participated in the deliberation of the bill invited public health scholars and students to hold a press conference on the morning of the 15th, and the first "public health teacher law" in Asia was established in Taiwan. I celebrated what I did.
“I have nothing to say but excitement,” said the president of the National Institute of Public Health, Taiwan National Institute of Public Health, who participated in the press conference. Forty-two years after he entered the university's School of Public Health, he became a researcher in the field of public health for 32 years, and said, "I'm not as happy as I've ever lived." I was pleased to be established. “The epidemic of such a large-scale infectious disease is the same as in the Third World War, and humankind must accept the new normal that the new corona brings. The establishment of the "Public Hygienist Law" is also one of the new normals."
Under this law, if a person who holds a Taiwan (Taiwan) certificate passes the "Public Hygienist" examination, the certificate of "Public Hygienist" will be given and the person will be named "Public Hygienist" based on the law. It is supposed to be possible. Conversely, without a certificate, you cannot claim to be a "public hygienist."
Also, if the certification qualification of a "public hygienist" has been stripped or suspended, or if a criminal offense has been found guilty for one year or more and the sentence has not been suspended, give the name "public hygienist". I can't.
A "public hygienist" may be qualified to work in a health care facility, healthcare facility, nursing home, public health office, or other agency authorized by the competent authority.
“Public hygienist” may have two or more years of work experience in a designated organization, and then open a public hygienist's office alone or jointly at the counter of each local government and apply for independent practice. it can. The Health and Welfare Department (similar to Japan's Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare) separately stipulates the application method for independent practice, setting of collection fee, restriction of advertisement content, etc.
The "Public Hygienist Law" stipulates that the scope of work of "public hygienists" is centered on community units called "company wards" or field units called "fields" where certain facilities are located. The work contents include resolution of environmental and health risks in "companies" and "fields", investigation of infection routes and prevention of infection, health survey of residents, and planning of food safety and risk investigations.
It should be noted that, except for those who have medical qualifications at the same time, the "public hygienist" is not allowed to engage in medical activities for business purposes. In addition, in the event of a sudden emergency or a serious public health incident, the government can appoint a “public hygienist” to take action. The nominated "public hygienist" cannot refuse this unless there are special reasons. Furthermore, when the competent authority inspects the work contents of the "public hygienist" or its report, the "public hygienist" must not refuse.
“Public hygienists” must comply with professional ethical standards in their performance of their duties. If the relevant disciplinary system is violated, for example, the name "Public Hygienist" is given without the certificate of "Public Hygienist", or the secret that "Public Hygienist" knows in business is leaked without a valid reason. If you do, you will be fined at least 30,000 to 150,000 yuan (=about 100,000 Japanese yen to about 530,000 Japanese yen).
In addition, if the “public hygienist” does not participate in a serious public health incident requested by the government, it will cost 20,000 or more Taiwan yuan to 100,000 Taiwan yuan or less (=about 71,000 Japanese yen or more to about 180,000 Japanese yen or less). Impose a fine. If it is found to be more malicious, suspension of work for one month or more and one year or less, or cancellation of the license will be accepted.
The "Public Hygienist Law" will come into effect on the day of promulgation.
In response to the national certification of "public hygienist", the selection department of the central ministry in charge of national examination work announced a news release, and after many years of efforts, the "public hygienist law" was established. We welcomed what we did to meet the needs of the country. Regarding the qualification test for "public health nurse," it will promptly discuss with the Ministry of Health and Welfare and specialized organizations to prepare draft rules such as test subjects, test methods, grade calculation methods, and acceptance criteria. The draft is submitted to the Examination Center (= the highest administrative body for personnel affairs of civil servants) for deliberation. After that, an actual test is conducted to select qualified public health personnel. A more complete quarantine system in Taiwan will protect the health of the entire population.